Pius XII, who on his death received tribute from numerous heads of
democratic states and from key Jewish representatives, has been
described by some publications as an ally of totalitarian regimes. In
particular, he has been accused of being "silent" in the face of Nazism.
Now, an article in the latest issue of the Italian review La Civiltà
Cattolica, signed by Father Giovanni Sale, analyzes the Communist
radio's role in defaming Pius XII, specifically its reaction to the
Pope's address of June 2, 1945, the feast of St. Eugene.
On June 7, 1945, Radio Moscow broadcasted a program which "assumed …
a paradigmatic value, as it summarized very well the point of view of
the radical left about the Holy See's activity during the time of the
war," affirms the historical research.
"Those who heard the Pope's address on the occasion of the feast of
St. Eugene, have been extremely surprised to learn that the Vatican,
during the past years of Hitler's dominance in Europe, acted with
courage and audacity against the criminal Nazis. What the Vatican
really did states the contrary," claimed Radio Moscow.
"In fact, if the Vatican acted in this way, it did so to maintain the
vigilant policy of protection of Hitler and Mussolini," added the
"No atrocity carried out by the Hitlerites stirred the contempt and
indignation of the Vatican," Radio Moscow claimed. "The latter was
silent when the German death machines were active, when the chimneys
of the crematorium ovens spewed smoke, when grenades and projectiles
were thrown against the peaceful population of London, when the
Hitlerite doctrine of elimination and extermination of nations and
peoples was being transformed into a harsh reality."
Radio Moscow lamented that Pius XII was filling his address with
allusions against the Soviet Union and international Communism to
"provoke differences and spread distrust among the Allies."
The author of the La Civiltà Cattolica article states that "the
international Communist press, and not only the latter, was totally
aligned to Moscow's directives on this matter."
The article adds: "So began the 'Black Legend' -- which in the main
has come down to our days -- of a Pius XII friend and ally of the
Nazis; the Pope who supported, for reasons of political interest, the
Fascist totalitarian regimes and declared enemies of popular democracy."